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...everything you need to know about doing dialysis at home.
Here we present a chronological tour of dialysis from the beginning.
All photos by Jim Curtis; descriptions courtesy of Baxter.
The first presterilized, ready to use “Capillary Artificial Kidney” was made with a new capillary membrane called Cuprophan™.
The dialysis community was looking for artificial kidneys with increased efficiency. The way this objective was accomplished was by using more fibers in the device. As a result, the size of the artificial kidney began to grow. Later models of this type of device would utilize a thinner wall membrane that would allow for fewer fibers and a smaller size artificial kidney.
The Baxter (Travenol Laboratories back then) “Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Cycler” introduced in 1984. When patients got tired of doing their own exchanges, Baxter automated the process so it would all happen at night. No-one called it the Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Cycler—too many words. It was called simply the PacX because the tubing setup made a X on the front panel.
Di Paolo N, Patrini G, Garosi G, Buoncristiani U, Brardi S, Monaci G. A new self-locating peritoneal catheter. Perit Dial Int. 1996; 16: 623-627.
Goldberg EM, Hill W. A new peritoneal access prosthesis. Proc Clin Dial Transplant Forum. 1973; 3: 122-5.
Valli A, Androtti C, Degetto P, Midiri R, Mazzon M, Rovati C, Valentini A, Crescimanno U, Depaoli Vitali E, Manili L, Camerini C. 48-months’ experience with Valli-2 catheter. Adv Perit Dial. 1988; 4: 292-7.
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