Journal Watch - Peritoneal Dialysis

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  1. Color of Used PD Dialysate Gives Diagnostic Clues

    A review article proposes a differential diagnosis of various conditions based on a change in the color of PD effluent from clear to red, orange, cloudy, milky white, green, yellow, purple or black.

    Read the abstract » | (added 08/13/2018)

    Tags: Bloody Effluent, Chyloperitoneum, Peritoneal Dialysis, Peritonitis, Rhabdomyolysis

  2. New Model Could Help Screen PD Patients for CeVD Risk

    A new risk score could predict how likely new PD patients are to develop cerebrovascular disease down the road. The strongest predictors of CeVD were blood pressure, total cholesterol, and serum phosphate and sodium levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 08/13/2018)

    Tags: Cerebrovascular Diseases, Mortality, Peritoneal Dialysis, Risk Prediction

  3. Residual Kidney Function and Sleep Apnea Severity in PD

    A small (n=15), exploratory study of 15 APD patients with home apnea monitors found obstructive sleep apnea in 33%, which correlated with having less residual renal function.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/12/2018)

    Tags: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Peritoneal Dialysis

  4. New Ideas for Incremental PD

    Starting incremental PD without the exclusive focus on residual plus peritoneal clearances may ease transitions of new patients onto dialysis—and reduce our “obsession” with small moleule kinetics.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/12/2018)

    Tags: Incremental Pd, Peritoneal Dialysis

  5. Whey Protein for PD Malnutrition

    A 6-month multicenter, randomized controlled trial tested protein powder plus dietary counseling vs. counseling only for CAPD patients with low serum albumin and BMI. Significantly more of the protein powder group were able to take in enough protein, and they also had significant increases in serum urea and a normalized protein catabolic rate.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/12/2018)

    Tags: Malnutrition, Peritoneal Dialysis, Protein Supplementation, Whey Protein

  6. A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Instant Messaging for PD Patients

    Among 160 PD patients, the half assigned to instant messenger had significantly higher levels of satisfaction, serum albumin, and hemoglobin—and lower levels of serum phosphorus and calcium-phosphate product than controls.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/11/2018)

    Tags: Instant Messaging Follow Ups, Peritoneal Dialysis

  7. Albumin Predicts Survival in Anuric PD Patients

    Patients who don’t make urine have a better chance of survival on PD if their serum albumin levels are 3.6 g/dL or higher, finds a new study of 505 PD patients in Korea. Age, diabetes, ultrafiltration volume, and serum creatinine levels were other factors.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/11/2018)

    Tags: Survival Predictors, Peritoneal Dialysis

  8. Emergent Start PD Yet Again

    Learn about the rationale and feasibility of using PD as a first dialysis option for emergent start patients instead of inserting a central venous catheter and starting HD. .

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2018)

    Tags: End Stage Renal Disease, Haemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis, Unplanned Start, Urgent Start

  9. Nocturnal Home HD Boosts Patient Employment Compared to PD

    A year-long study comparing 20 alternate-night nocturnal home hemodialysis patients to matched 81 CAPD patients in Hong Kong found 80% employment among the nocturnal HD patients (who were 5 years younger) and just 33.3% among PD patients. The nocturnal patients also used fewer phosphate binders. Read the abstract.

    Read the abstract » | (added 11/13/2017)

    Tags: Chinese, Nocturnal Hemodialysis, Employment Rate, Incident, Peritoneal Dialysis

  10. Colonoscopy Antibiotic Protocols in PD

    A study comparing 46 PD patients who received prophylactic antibiotics prior to colonoscopy to 47 patients who did not found no difference in the risk of peritonitis between groups, even when polyps were removed during the procedure. Patients with diabetes did benefit from antibiotics, however. Read the abstract.

    Read the abstract » | (added 11/13/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Prophylactic Antibiotics, Colonoscopy