Pilot: Chlorhexidine-impregnated Sponge Dressings to Prevent Exit Site Infections
In a single-center study, 50 incident PD patients were taught to use a weekly chlorhexidine dressing on their exit sites, and followed for a year. While 12% developed contact dermatitis, 73% found the dressings acceptable. Episodes per patient year of exit-site/tunnel infections and peritonitis were 0.09 and 0.07, respectively, while 1-year technique and patient survival rates were 86% and 96%, respectively.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-10-12)
Outcomes Between Urgent-start PD and HD
Urgent-start PD (n=93) and urgent-start HD (n=91) patients similar in age, diabetes and other comorbidities, and lab values, were followed for 6 months to 2 years. Rates of mechanical complications, bacteremia, and survival were comparable. Exit site/access infections were significantly higher in the PD patients, but those on PD had significantly better residual kidney function and phosphorus control, and used significantly less erythropoietin and antihypertensives
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-04-13)
Simultaneous Hernia Repair and PD Catheter Placement
Taking care of two surgeries at once saves a procedure, recovery time, and costs. Among 123 patients who had catheters placed at a single center over a 4-year period, 23 (19%) had hernias. Across the 23, 27 procedures were done combining hernia repair with PD catheter placement. None of the hernias recurred, and there were no early surgical site infections. Five of the patients developed new hernias at other sites, but after a median of about 3 years, 96% of the catheters were still working.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-12-10)
A Post-op Surgical Girdle for Pain and Catheter Tunnel Infections in Urgent Start PD
Urgent start PD can be associated with pain and tunnel infections. In a study of 85 consecutive PD catheter placements, a surgical girdle was used from days 1-3 while patients were supine. Among the 23 patients who completed pain surveys, the girdle helped significantly. Tunnel infections were reduced as well.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)
PD and Swimming
Australian nurses in 39 PD clinics conducted phone surveys. While only 77% of the clinics advocated swimming, nearly all had patients who did swim, mainly in sea water or a private pool. Covering the exit site and catheter with a waterproof dressing or ostomy bag was recommended, along with routine exit-site care. Several infections were linked with swimming.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)
Moving the PD Exit Site to Combat Infection
A 5-year retrospective cohort analysis looked at the impact of treating PD exit site and tunnel infections in 27 patients by removing the cuff and relocating the catheter under local anesthetic. After follow up ranging from 10.8 to 79.4 months, no leaks occurred, and the infections resolved in 74% of the patients. The rest had to have their catheters removed.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-06-13)
Which PD Exit Site Dressing is Better?
Is an occlusive dressing better to reduce exit site or tunnel infections? A semi-occlusive one? It made no difference, found a new analysis of 2,460 incident PD patients. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 2017-11-13)
Striking Lack of Data on Infection Prevention in PD
A Cochrane database review of 59 randomized controlled studies revealed “striking” gaps in our knowledge about what really works to prevent infections in PD. Oral or topical antibiotics and topical disinfectants had uncertain benefits for exit site, tunnel infections, or peritonitis. Use of IV vancomycin prior to catheter placement may reduce the risk of early peritonitis. Antifungal treatments may reduce fungal peritonitis after antibiotics.
Read the abstract » | (added 2017-04-12)
Tags: Peritoneal dialysis
Urgent Start PD vs. HD
Which option is better if someone “crashes” into dialysis? A retrospective study was done of 178 people who started dialysis urgently between January, 2013 and December, 2014. Those who started PD had far fewer complications in the first 30 days. HD patients had more bloodstream infections. Survival was about the same for both groups.
Read the abstract » | (added 2016-12-09)
Upper Abdominal PD Exit Site May Reduce Infection
A change in the exit site location may matter for PD. A non-randomized study of 147 catheter placements compared standard straight catheters to longer, swan-neck ones placed in the upper abdomen. Those with the upper abdominal catheters had far less exit site and tunnel infections. Peritonitis rates were similar.
Read the abstract » | (added 2016-02-09)