Journal Watch

  1. Serum Uric Acid Levels and PD Technique Failure

    Among 371 people using CAPD in Taiwan , those with higher levels of uric acid in their blood were significantly more likely to have PD technique failure and peritonitis than those with lower levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  2. Magnesium and Vascular Calcification in PD

    In vitro and in animals, serum magnesium inhibits vascular calcification. In a study of 80 people on PD, X-ray studies of the spine found that the lower the serum magnesium levels, the higher the rate of calcification in the blood vessels. Adjusting for age, serum phosphate, serum PTH, cholesterol levels, smoking history, and diabetes did not change the results.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2017)

    Tags: Https://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/Pubmed/28385153

  3. PD vs. Standard HD for People with Cirrhosis

    For cirrhotic people with kidney failure, data abstraction from the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Study between 2005 and 2012 compared outcomes with PD and standard in-center HD. In-hospital mortality for those with ascites was significantly less with PD. In addition, PD hospital stays were shorter and costs were lower. Yet, just 1.7% of the sample was using PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis

  4. Striking Lack of Data on Infection Prevention in PD

    A Cochrane database review of 59 randomized controlled studies revealed “striking” gaps in our knowledge about what really works to prevent infections in PD. Oral or topical antibiotics and topical disinfectants had uncertain benefits for exit site, tunnel infections, or peritonitis. Use of IV vancomycin prior to catheter placement may reduce the risk of early peritonitis. Antifungal treatments may reduce fungal peritonitis after antibiotics.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  5. Pregnancy on PD—at 42: It’s Not Impossible

    While research shows that the chance for a pregnant woman on dialysis to have a healthy baby seems to be best with 36+ hours of HD per week, a 42-year old Malaysian woman had a full-term baby with no change to her CAPD prescription.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/12/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis

  6. Results of a Metaanalysis of Nocturnal vs. Standard HD

    Researchers who looked at 28 studies of 22,508 patients found a mixed bag: comparable side effects and mortality between nocturnal and standard HD, less hospitalization with standard HD—but better heart health and physical quality of life with nocturnal HD, with fewer blood pressure medicines needed.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  7. And, Again: More HD Improves Quality of Life

    Data from the Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) trials found that those who were randomized to frequent or nocturnal HD reported outcomes that included better results on a “feeling thermometer,” better general health, and shorter recovery time than for standard in-center HD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  8. Home HD: Cost-effective With Better Outcomes Than In-center

    A review of the patient-centered and economic impacts of home HD that included studies between 2000 and 2016 found better quality of life, flexibility, employment potential, and survival vs. hospital HD. Minority and low-income patients still have less access than others, which compounds their already-poor health outcomes. The authors found that home HD is cost-effective and the use of this option should be increased.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  9. PD and Serum Vitamin D—A Vital Link

    People with no history of heart disease on PD for 3+ months were compared to age- and sex-matched healthy controls in a 24-month study of subclinical atherosclerosis. Those on PD had significantly more carotid and femoral plaques at baseline than controls. Lower levels of serum vitamin D predicted more plaque at baseline and at 24 months. The authors suggest that monitoring could help identify patients who are at higher risk.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  10. The Impact of Telehealth on PD Satisfaction

    Per quarterly surveys completed by 200 people on PD, a system of telemedicine that included remote monitoring of blood pressure, weight, and glucose, and had educational videos boosted satisfaction with the option. Participants felt more autonomy and confidence in their health care, as well, and were less frustrated. Nearly half watched at least one video.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis