Journal Watch

  1. The Impact of Telehealth on PD Satisfaction

    Per quarterly surveys completed by 200 people on PD, a system of telemedicine that included remote monitoring of blood pressure, weight, and glucose, and had educational videos boosted satisfaction with the option. Participants felt more autonomy and confidence in their health care, as well, and were less frustrated. Nearly half watched at least one video.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/09/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  2. Does Frequent HD Boost Quality of Life? NO

    A new Canadian study randomized 200 patients to standard in-center HD (12-15 hours/wk; maximum of 18 hours) or extended HD (>24 hours/wk) for a year. Extended HD reduced phosphate and potassium levels and boosted Hgb, and patients took fewer BP meds and phosphate binders. However, health-related quality of life scores did not differ significantly between the groups.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  3. Does Frequent HD Boost Quality of Life? YES

    As with nearly every other study, a new paper from the Frequent Hemodialysis Network trial looked at HRQOL among patients randomized to conventional vs. 6x/week HD (N=245) or 6x/week nocturnal vs. conventional home HD (N=87). After one year, patients who dialyzed more often had higher HRQOL than those on standard HD—and shorter recovery after each treatment.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  4. Medicare Payment for Daily Home HD Varies Geographically

    According to Medicare claims data for in-center HD and home HD from 2009-2012, there were persistent variations in the home HD treatment claims paid by different Medicare contractors. Fortunately, these differences did not seem to affect whether clinics offered home HD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  5. A New Approach for Treating Peritonitis in Patients Over Age 50

    Researchers tried a new, 3-step “Mero-PerRest” protocol when patients over age 50 developed peritonitis due to enteric (gut) microorganisms. 1). Temporary “peritoneal rest” with the catheter in place. 2). IV meropenem. 3). Meropenum as a catheter lock. Compared to 203 bouts of peritonitis treated with usual care, 217 bouts treated with the new protocol had a higher primary cure rate (90% vs. 65.3%), better PD survival (90% vs. 64.9%), and similar patient survival.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  6. More Hospital Readmissions with PD Than In-Center HD

    Those on PD have fewer routine clinic visits than those on standard in-center HD. This may help explain why a 10-year study of hospital discharges among 28,026 dialyzors in Canada found that 30-day readmission rates in PD patients were higher (7.1) than for matched patients doing standard in-center HD (6.0). Better care transitions may help.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis

  7. Heart Disease? PD is a Good Option

    In a single clinic study, 112 new patients starting PD with or without heart disease were followed for 5 years. More people with heart disease had diabetes (53.3% vs. 31.7%), and they tended to be older. But, there were no differences between groups in hospital admissions, peritonitis, or PD technique failure.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  8. Autonomy is Key to Choice of PD

    French researchers interviewed 150 patients who began dialysis between 2010 and 2014 from four clinics, and their nephrologists, to see what factors influence the choice of PD. Of those who could do PD or HD, 46.7% preferred PD. The main reason for this preference was having or wanting to have autonomy.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/08/2017)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  9. Low Molecular Weight Heparin Use in Nocturnal HD

    Since people sleep during nocturnal HD, a form of heparin with a longer half-life is needed to keep blood from clotting. Enter low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). A study in Hong Kong* randomized 12 nocturnal HD patients to receive nadroparin or unfractioned heparin for a week—and then switch. The researchers concluded that LMWH was safe and effective, though if treatments are done each night, it is important to monitor for build up of the heparin in the blood.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/09/2017)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  10. Early and Late Outcomes in Urgent-start PD

    A single-center, matched-case control study compared 26 urgent start PD patients to 78 who started PD in the standard fashion. Urgent-start PD was linked with more catheter leaks and catheter migration. But, the rates of infection were similar, and urgent-start PD was safe.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/09/2017)

    Tags: