Journal Watch - Mortality
Platelet-to-Albumin Ratio Predicts PD Technique Success and Survival
Dividing patients’ absolute platelet counts by their serum albumin levels creates a protein-to-albumin ratio (PAR) that predicts PD outcomes, finds a new study of 405 people over a median of 2 years. Patients with lower PAR levels had higher rates of PD success and better survival.
Read the abstract » | (added 2021-12-16)
Poorer Survival for Those Who Switch from Home to In-center HD
Among 19,306 people who started HD in the ANZDATA registry from 2005 to 2015 and were treated for more than 90 days, those who started home HD and then went to in-center HD had significantly higher mortality than those who stayed at home. The reasons for this are not yet known.
Read the abstract » | (added 2021-08-12)
Higher HD Dose Linked with Better Survival
A national registry of 32,283 standard HD patients found that “a higher dose of dialysis was consistently associated with better survival.” Kt was most discriminating, with survival highest in the upper Kt quartile. Arteriovenous access, hemodiafiltration, scheduled dialysis initiation, and long weekly HD hours predicted higher Kt.
Read the abstract » | (added 2021-07-12)
Home vs. In-center HD Outcomes from a Matched Cohort
After adjusting for BMI, smoking, race, and comorbidities, home HD came out ahead of in-center HD when 181 home HD patients were matched to 413 using in-center HD. With home HD, the risk of death was significantly less, and phosphate levels were significantly lower. There were no major differences in transplant rates, graft survival, hemoglobin, calcium, or PTH levels.
Read the abstract » | (added 2021-06-15)
10-year PD Survival
In a group of 533 incident PD patients (mean starting age of 48 +16 years) followed from 2006 until 2018, survival at 1 year was 93%, at 3 years 81%, at 5 years 64%, and at 10 years 36%. Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) occurred in 1.3%.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-06-10)