Journal Watch - Hd
Transplant Survival Better After PD Than Standard In-center HD
Is there an advantage to PD over standard in-center HD for transplant graft survival? YES, suggests a 15-year retrospective study of 2,277 transplant recipients. Those who did PD prior to transplant were 34.5% more likely to survive, and had less frequent rejection. Living donor kidneys did best among patients who received transplants before starting dialysis—or did PD.
Read the abstract » | (added 11/16/2019)
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in PD vs. HD
A Korean registry analysis of 132,083 dialysis patients between 1985 and 2017 found that SCD caused 19.6% of the 34,632 deaths. Even after adjusting for age and significant comorbidities, HD was independently associated with SCD, as was diabetes.
Read the abstract » | (added 10/14/2019)
To Reinsert a PD Catheter or Not to Reinsert: That is the Question
Among 470 PD patients in Singapore, 92 required PD catheter removal. Of these, 39% had a second PD catheter placed, while the rest switched to HD. Patients who could not continue PD were excluded from the analysis. Survival was about the same in both groups. Surprisingly, those who required catheter removal due to infection were more likely to be able to continue PD than those who required it due to catheter malfunction.
Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)
Most Cost Effective Dialysis Options: Metaanalysis
An analysis of 16 economic studies from both high- and low-income countries determined that home dialysis options are less costly and offer comparable—or better—health outcomes than in-center HD. Quality of life concerns were rarely investigated, however.
Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)
PD and Dialysis Patient Employment
In a Swedish study, 4,734 working-age (20-60 years old) patients who survived at least one year on in-center HD or PD were compared. Patients using PD had a 4% increased probability of employment over in-center HD—as well as a 6% lower disability pension and higher work income. Read the abstract
Read the abstract » | (added 10/12/2018)
Nocturnal HD is Underused
A new review suggests that the improved outcomes associated with more hours of HD in-center or at home mean that these options should be used more. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 09/10/2018)
Vascular access for high-risk PD patients
Which PD patients are at risk for technique failure and should proactively have a vascular access placed for HD? A case-control study compared 72 patients who were transferred from PD to HD to 111 controls who stayed on PD, received a transplant, recovered kidney function, or passed away. Low adequacy or serum albumin, hospitalizations, and peritonitis were predictors of a transfer to HD. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 07/13/2018)
Year 1 Cognitive Function Better with PD than Standard In-center HD
PD came out the winner over standard in-center HD in a study of cognitive function among 96 HD and 101 PD patients who took cognitive tests at the start and end of their first year of treatment, though both groups saw some improvement.
Read the abstract » | (added 02/15/2018)