Journal Watch - Peritoneal Dialysis

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  1. BMI Alters Sodium Balance in PD

    In a review of 439 PD patients, those with more urine volume, protein nitrogen appearance rate, fewer comorbidities, and higher BMI had greater sodium losses.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Sodium Removal

  2. Glycated Albumin vs. HbA1c Predicts Mortality in PD Patients with Diabetes

    In patients on hemodialysis, glycated albumin (GA) reflects glycemic control and predicts all-cause mortality. A new retrospective, longitudinal observational study looked at GA in PD. Among 44 PD patients with diabetes matched to 88 HD patients with diabetes followed for 3 years, GA was a more precise way to measure glycemic control than hemoglobin A1c.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, All Cause Mortality, Glycaemic Control, Glycated Albumin, Glycated Haemoglobin

  3. High Fiber Diet May Save Lives on PD

    A study of 881 PD patients followed for up to 12 years found that participants who ate more fiber tended to be younger, male, and have more residual kidney function. In those who did not have diabetes, each 1 gram increase in daily fiber intake independently predicted improved survival by 13%.

    Read the abstract » | (added 08/14/2019)

    Tags: Chronic Kidney Disease, Dietary Fiber, Mortality, Peritoneal Dialysis

  4. BMI and Survival on PD

    A large study from Korea (N=80,674 PD patients) found that those in the highest group for BMI: just 25.71, had significantly higher all cause mortality.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/13/2019)

    Tags: Body Mass Index, Survival, Diabetes Mellitus, Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality

  5. Higher Serum Albumin May Protect Residual Kidney Function in PD

    In a prospective study of 104 new PD patients, having low serum albumin levels was independently associated with complete RKF loss (<100 mL/day of urine).

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/13/2019)

    Tags: Serum Albumin, Residual Kidney Function, Urine Volume, Peritoneal Dialysis, Pd

  6. PD Fluid Overload Linked with Peritonitis from Gut Pathogens

    PD patients with extra fluid in their bodies are at a significantly higher risk for peritonitis due to gut bacteria, finds a study of 138 patients. Patients in the highest third for intra-and extracellular water were at the highest risk.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Body Composition, Overhydration, Peritoneal Dialysis, Peritonitis

  7. Three Diuretics are Better than One on PD

    A small study (n=51) randomly assigned adult CAPD patients to receive three diuretics or just one plus placebo for 6 months. Among the 43 patients who completed the trial, those who took three diuretics had significantly better hydration status and more change in urine output—with no adverse events reported.

    Read the abstract » | (added 04/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Furosemide, Hydration Status, Hydrochlorothiazide, Spironolactone

  8. Home HD - Significantly Better Survival and Transplant Rate

    A Swedish matched cohort study compared the long-term survival of 152 home HD patients with those doing PD (n=456) or standard in-center HD (n=608). Median survival for home HD was significantly better (18.5 years) than PD (15.0) and in-center HD (11.9). Home HD patients were also significantly more likely to have received a transplant.

    Read the abstract » | (added 03/12/2019)

    Tags: Survival, Home Hemodialysis, Institutional Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis

  9. Impact of High Protein Diets on Residual Kidney Function in PD

    Does a high-protein diet cause a faster loss of residual kidney function for PD patients? An observational study of 336 patients for at least 6 months suggests that it may.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Protein Intake, Residual Kidney, Peritoneal Dialysis, Pd

  10. Protein Clearance Predicts Mortality on PD

    Protein clearance on PD may be a marker of peritoneal inflammation. Among 711 PD patients followed for at least one year, each 10mL/day rise in protein clearance was linked with a 10.4% increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (p=0.008). Protein clearance was linked with serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Protein Clearance, Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality