Journal Watch - Mortality
Functional Iron Deficiency and Survival on PD
A 10-year retrospective look at survival examined records from 1,173 PD patients who had normal iron levels, absolute iron deficiency, functional iron deficiency (FID), or high iron levels. Among the group, 77.5% had iron deficiency, and FID, in particular, was linked with an increased risk of all-cause—but not cardiovascular—mortality.
Read the abstract » | (added 2021-03-09)
Tags: Mortality, Peritoneal Dialysis, PD
Comorbidities—but not Peritonitis—drove Mortality on PD
Among 242 Turkish PD patients followed for up to 9 years, age over 65, diabetes, cancer, and heart failure were independent risk factors for death, but surprisingly peritonitis was not.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-02-19)
Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality, Patient Survival, Peritonitis, Technique Survival
In-center Nocturnal HD: Fewer Complications than PD in Patients with PKD
An analysis that matched PDK patients who did conventional HD (26) or PD (26) to in-center nocturnal HD (NHD; 13) found no significant difference in mortality—but after a median follow up of 5.5 years, NHD had significantly fewer complications than PD—and higher serum albumin levels as well.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-12-10)
Tags: Polycystic Kidney Disease, Conventional Dialysis, In center Nocturnal HD, Nocturnal Hemodialysis, Mortality
Is PD Unwise for Patients with Lupus Nephritis?
A small study found 92.4% (1 year), 84.7% (3 year) and 67.6% (5 year) patient survival among 28 non-diabetic lupus patients doing PD—compared to 100% (1 year), 93.5% (3 year), and 82.9% (5 year) among 56 controls. While the lupus was not directly associated with mortality, it was a risk factor for PD technique failure, infection, and hospitalizations.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)
Tags: Patient Survival, Lupus, PD, Mortality, Technique Failure, Infection, Hospitalization
High Fiber Diet May Save Lives on PD
A study of 881 PD patients followed for up to 12 years found that participants who ate more fiber tended to be younger, male, and have more residual kidney function. In those who did not have diabetes, each 1 gram increase in daily fiber intake independently predicted improved survival by 13%.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-08-14)
Tags: Chronic Kidney Disease, Dietary Fiber, Mortality, Peritoneal Dialysis
Payment Policy is Driving Increases in U.S. Home Dialysis
Follow the money. Analysis of 523,526 patients starting dialysis in the U.S. between 2005 and 2013 found increases in home dialysis use in all groups, and a decline in racial/ethnic differences in home dialysis. However, over time, white patients had an increase in mortality compared to minority patients, while transplant rates remained lower in minority patients.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-08-14)
Tags: Home Dialysis Outcomes, Racial, Ethnic, Mortality, Transplant Rates
BMI and Survival on PD
A large study from Korea (N=80,674 PD patients) found that those in the highest group for BMI: just 25.71, had significantly higher all cause mortality.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-06-13)
Tags: Body Mass Index, Survival, Diabetes Mellitus, Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality
Longer HD Treatments Do Not Make Up for the 2-day “Killer Gap”
For 20 years, the kidney community has known that death on HD is significantly higher on the day after the 2-day “killer gap.” An analysis of 250+ minutes vs. <200 minutes HD treatments found that even 4.5 hour long treatments thrice weekly did not make the gap less lethal.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-03-12)
Tags: Treatment time, Interdialytic Interval, Hospitalization, Mortality
Protein Clearance Predicts Mortality on PD
Protein clearance on PD may be a marker of peritoneal inflammation. Among 711 PD patients followed for at least one year, each 10mL/day rise in protein clearance was linked with a 10.4% increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (p=0.008). Protein clearance was linked with serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-12-14)
5-year study: Predialysis PD Education Saves Lives on PD
Among 398 patients who started PD from 2007-2016, 169 had received predialysis education. After 5 years, this group had a significantly lower rate of peritonitis, a longer median time to a first peritonitis episode, and less risk of death from peritonitis than patients who did not get CKD education. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-09-10)
Tags: PD, Predialysis, Peritonitis, Mortality, CKD Education