Journal Watch - CAPD
Frequency of Sexual Dysfunction on PD
A study enrolled 201 people who did CAPD for 3+ months (49 females and 65 males), with slightly more than half (n=114) under age 65). Gender-appropriate surveys administered in person, along with the SF-36 and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) revealed that almost 90% of women and almost 88% of men reported sexual dysfunction. Depression was highly prevalent as well. The authors concluded that not discussing and treating sexual dysfunction could adversely affect quality of life.
Read the abstract » | (added 2023-01-10)
Cycler vs. Manual PD for Survival
A systematic review and meta-analysis looked at 17 studies of more than 230,000 people for PD failure and all-cause mortality with cycler vs. manual PD. Both options had equivalent PD technique failure. But, there was a significant survival advantage for automated cycler PD.
Read the abstract » | (added 2022-12-19)
Urine Output on PD Predicts Solute Removal
In an observational study of 93 people on CAPD (n=34) or APD (n=59) who still made urine, 24-hour urine collection correlated positively with removal of wastes + residual clearance. There was no significant difference between CAPD and APD.
Read the abstract » | (added 2022-11-16)
Which Form of PD Has a Higher Risk of Peritonitis?
If you guessed CAPD because there are more exchanges to perform, you are correct, finds a study that matched 106 APD to 106 CAPD patients and followed them for 3 years. During the study period, there were 64 cases of peritonitis, and the risk was 30% higher among those who did CAPD.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-11-12)
Antibiotics Before Colonoscopy May Reduce Peritonitis Risk in PD Patients
In a retrospective study of 236 CAPD patients who had colonoscopies, 9 developed peritonitis within a week of the procedure. No patient who received prophylactic antibiotics developed peritonitis. Randomized controlled trials are recommended.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)
RCT: Which Works Best, Straight or Coiled PD Catheters?
A metaanalysis recently found that straight catheters were better, and an RCT of 308 CAPD patients randomly assigned to receive a straight (n=153) or coiled (n=155) catheter corroborates that finding. After a mean follow-up of 21 months, straight PD catheters caused almost 9 times less dysfunction or drainage failure (0.7% vs. 5.8%) with less pain than coiled catheters. Both catheters had a similar risk of peritonitis.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-09-11)
Does RRF affect quality of life in CAPD?
The SF-36 was given to 120 adult patients on CAPD for at least 3 months, divided into a group with and without residual renal function. There were no correlations between RRF and total SF-36 scores. However, SF-36 scores did correlate with measures of inflammation, fluid overload, and malnutrition. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-07-13)
APD May Rapidly Improve Left Heart Failure
A single-center observational study of 47 CAPD patients with left-sided heart failure found that using a cycler for short-term APD improved ultrafiltration significantly in just 3 days.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-06-12)