Journal Watch - CAPD

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  • Which Form of PD Has a Higher Risk of Peritonitis?

    If you guessed CAPD because there are more exchanges to perform, you are correct, finds a study that matched 106 APD to 106 CAPD patients and followed them for 3 years. During the study period, there were 64 cases of peritonitis, and the risk was 30% higher among those who did CAPD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-11-12)

    Tags: PD, Peritoneal Dialysis, CAPD

  • Antibiotics Before Colonoscopy May Reduce Peritonitis Risk in PD Patients

    In a retrospective study of 236 CAPD patients who had colonoscopies, 9 developed peritonitis within a week of the procedure. No patient who received prophylactic antibiotics developed peritonitis. Randomized controlled trials are recommended.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)

    Tags: CAPD, Colonoscopy, Peritonitis, Prophylactic Antibiotics, Polypectomy, Endoscopic Mucosal Resection

  • RCT: Which Works Best, Straight or Coiled PD Catheters?

    A metaanalysis recently found that straight catheters were better, and an RCT of 308 CAPD patients randomly assigned to receive a straight (n=153) or coiled (n=155) catheter corroborates that finding. After a mean follow-up of 21 months, straight PD catheters caused almost 9 times less dysfunction or drainage failure (0.7% vs. 5.8%) with less pain than coiled catheters. Both catheters had a similar risk of peritonitis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-09-11)

    Tags: Catheter, Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), PD, CAPD

  • Does RRF affect quality of life in CAPD?

    The SF-36 was given to 120 adult patients on CAPD for at least 3 months, divided into a group with and without residual renal function. There were no correlations between RRF and total SF-36 scores. However, SF-36 scores did correlate with measures of inflammation, fluid overload, and malnutrition. Read the abstract.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2018-07-13)

    Tags: SF 36, CAPD, RRF

  • APD May Rapidly Improve Left Heart Failure

    A single-center observational study of 47 CAPD patients with left-sided heart failure found that using a cycler for short-term APD improved ultrafiltration significantly in just 3 days.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2018-06-12)

    Tags: CAPD, Cycler, Short term APD, Ultrafiltration