Journal Watch

  • PD Glucose Absorption and Lipid Profiles

    Lipid status was assessed at baseline and 12 month in 143 CAPD patients, 2/3 of whom used a daytime icodextrin exchange. No associations were found between glucose absorption, lipid profiles, or changes in serum lipids.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-02-19)

  • Comorbidities—but not Peritonitis—drove Mortality on PD

    Among 242 Turkish PD patients followed for up to 9 years, age over 65, diabetes, cancer, and heart failure were independent risk factors for death, but surprisingly peritonitis was not.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-02-19)

  • Exercise in PD Patients and Residual Renal Function

    After a 12-week home-based exercise program was completed, researchers analyzed residual renal function among 13 patients who received usual care and 16 who had been in the exercise intervention group. Urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein and microalbumin-to-creatinine ratios were significantly lower in the exercise group, suggesting a possible benefit.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-02-19)

  • The Q-Cohort Study: More Dialysis, Less Risk of Cancer

    Uremic toxins increase cancer risk. In a study of 3,450 HD patients followed for 4 years, patients were divided into quartiles based on their baseline Kt/V. Four-year survival dropped linearly along with Kt/V. Every 0.1 increase in Kt/V reduced the risk of cancer death by 8%.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-02-19)

  • Factors Associated with Fatigue in PD Patients

    Analysis of fatigue scale data from 108 PD patients in China revealed that 78.7% suffered from fatigue, a number significantly higher than in the community population. Associated factors included sleep quality, normalized protein nitrogen appearance, transferrin, alkaline phosphatase, and total cholesterol levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)

  • Impact of a Nurse-led Protocol on PD Fluid Overload

    Among PD patients divided into a group symptomatic of fluid overload (>2L; n=53) and a group that was not (n=50), a 12-week nurse-led education and motivation intervention—with hypertonic cycles for short-term relief of fluid overload—significantly reduced overhydration. Knowledge and adherence were both significantly improved as well.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)

  • A Novel Surgical Technique for Urgent Start PD

    Placing a PD catheter with a double purse-string around the inner cuff was safe and feasible for urgent start PD, finds a study of 135 catheter insertions between 2011 and 2018. Double-cuffed straight Tenckhoff catheters were implanted surgically or semi-surgically using the double purse-string technique, and the incidence of leakages, dislocations, peritonitis, and exit-site infection were low. There were no bleeding events, bowel perforations, or hernia formations.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)

  • Diabetes and the Risk of Peritonitis on PD

    In contrast to earlier reports, a single-center study of PD patients between 1980 and 2012 (by era: 1980-’93, 1994-’04, 2005-12) found that while PD-associated peritonitis was higher among patients with diabetes in the earlier two eras, there were no differences in recent years.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)

  • First European Patients Using Nocturnal Home HD with Low-flow Dialysate

    A retrospective analysis looked at 21 patients using low-flow dialysate for nocturnal home HD and followed for a minimum of 12 months. Participants had a mean dialysis duration of 28 hours per week; most used alternate nights and 50-60 L of dialysate per session. Use of phosphate binders and blood pressure medications was significantly reduced, and no patient safety events were reported.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)

  • Low-dose IV Iron Sucrose for Treatment of Anemia in PD

    A small study (n=18) of IV iron sucrose (200mg loading dose followed by 100mg monthly for 5 consecutive months) found reductions in ESA dosing for 5 patients and discontinuation in one, with no reported side effects.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-01-09)