Journal Watch

  • Fluid Compartment Shifts and Post-hemodialysis Recovery Time

    GENTLE ultrafiltration matters! A bioimpedance study analyzed data from 124 patients who had long (>1 hour) or short (<1 hour) recovery times after dialysis. Patients who had sessions with prolonged recovery time also reported more symptoms, psychological distress—and greater compartmental fluid shifts, as seen in extracellular water to total body water ratios.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-05-09)

    Tags: Ultrafiltration, Bioimpedance, Post hemodialysis Recovery Time, Fluid Compartment Shifts, Extracellular Water, Peri‐dialytic Symptoms

  • Carbon Footprint of CAPD vs. CCPD/APD in Australia

    In the U.S., CAPD has been losing ground to cycler PD for a decade or more. But, an Australian analysis finds that CAPD has about a one-third lower carbon footprint than use of a PD cycler. With Baxter equipment, the manufacture and disposal of PD fluids and consumables were estimated at 1,992 Kg CO2 equivalent emissions for cycler PD; and just 1,245 Kg CO2 equivalent emissions for manual PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-05-09)

    Tags: CAPD, CCPD/APD, Cycler PD

  • Why Do Patients Switch from PD to HD?

    In retrospective data from 5,224 DCI PD patients from 2010 to 2019 about 61% started with PD (PD-first), 18% switched from HD to PD in the first 90 days (PD-early), and 21% after 90 days (PD-late). Compared to PD-first patients, those who switched early or late had a higher risk of transfer to HD in the first 9 months. Additional risk factors included peritonitis, fewer home visits, lower serum albumin, lower residual kidney function, and lower PD clearance.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-05-09)

    Tags: PD first, PD early, PD late, Peritonitis, Serum Albumin, Residual Kidney Function, PD Clearance

  • Does Social Deprivation Impact PD Outcomes?

    A French registry (REIN) study examined data from 1,581 adult PD patients during the 18 months from January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018, with observation completed in December, 2020. More than a quarter (418; 26.5%) were in Quintile 5 of the European Deprivation Index; the most deprived patients. Social deprivation was not associated with death or a composite event of death or transfer to HD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-05-09)

    Tags: Social Deprivation, PD Outcomes, European Deprivation Index

  • Comprehensive Health Education and PD

    Among 98 PD patients randomly assigned to routine care or a full-course health education program, the full-course group had significantly higher health behavior and treatment adherence scores. They were more likely to take their medications correctly and had better quality of life and fewer hospital readmission rates than controls.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-04-12)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, PD, Comprehensive Health Education, Education Program, Quality Of Life

  • Mineral Bone Disease (MBD) and Survival on PD

    A P-DOPPS study analyzed MBD data from more than 12,000 patients from eight countries. The results revealed a U-shaped curve for the relationship between PTH and mortality, with the lowest risk at PTH levels of 300-599 pg/mL. Serum calcium levels higher than 9.6 mg/dL were associated with a 20% increase in mortality as well. Major country variations in MBD treatment were identified.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-04-12)

    Tags: Mineral Bone Disease, MBD, PTH, Mortality, Serum Calcium Levels, PD

  • New Nomogram Predicts Roxadustat Treatment Failure in Anemic PD Patients

    A retrospective analysis of 204 anemic PD patients from 2019 to 2023 was used to construct a predictive nomogram of Roxadustat success. Duration of PD, serum transferrin, cardiovascular comorbidities and stains were significant predictors. The nomogram was more predictive at 12 months than at 6 months.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-04-12)

    Tags: Roxadustat, HIF inhibitor, Treatment Failure, Anemia, PD

  • The Impact of Comprehensive Nursing Interventions on PD Catheter Insertion Pain

    Among 60 patients having a PD catheter implanted from January 2021 to 2023, a randomly-selected experimental group was given comprehensive nursing interventions—which significantly reduced anxiety and depression, and significantly improved satisfaction and scores on the visual analogue scale compared to controls receiving usual care.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-04-12)

    Tags: Comprehensive Nursing Interventions, Wound Pain, Catheter Insertion, Peritoneal Dialysis

  • Meta-analysis of Urgent Start vs. Conventional Start PD

    Analysis of data from 27 studies found comparable post-procedure infections, peritonitis, and exit site infections, technique survival, and transfer to HD for urgent and conventional start PD. Urgent start PD had a signficantly higher risk of mechanical complications such as leaks, and significantly higher mortality rates.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-03-15)

    Tags: Chronic Kidney Disease, Meta analysis, Peritoneal Dialysis

  • Impact of Prior Abdominal Procedures on Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Outcomes: Findings From the North American Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Registry

    A history of prior abdominal procedures may influence the likelihood of referral for peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter insertion. To guide clinical decision making in this population, this study examined the association between prior abdominal procedures and outcomes in patients undergoing PD catheter insertion.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2024-03-15)

    Tags: Dialysis, PD, PD Catheter Outcomes, End Stage Kidney Disease, Peritoneal Dialysis, Prior Abdominal Surgery