Journal Watch

  1. Is PD a Good Option for Patients with Liver Cirrhosis?

    A study matched patients with cirrhosis who did PD, patients with cirrhosis who did HD, and non-cirrhosis patients on PD by age, sex, catheter placement date, and diabetes status. PD technique failure and all-cause mortality were similar between patients with and without cirrhosis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 10/14/2019)

    Tags: Pd, Cirrhosis

  2. PD and Swimming

    Australian nurses in 39 PD clinics conducted phone surveys. While only 77% of the clinics advocated swimming, nearly all had patients who did swim, mainly in sea water or a private pool. Covering the exit site and catheter with a waterproof dressing or ostomy bag was recommended, along with routine exit-site care. Several infections were linked with swimming.

    Read the abstract » | (added 10/14/2019)

    Tags: Pd, Swimming, Exit Site, Waterproof, Infections

  3. PD Outcomes under the Medicare Expanded Dialysis Prospective Payment System

    A Medicare change in 2011 may have increased the likelihood that clinics would expand PD to a broader population. Did this affect outcomes? A prospective cohort study compared 10,585 patients who started PD before payment reform, 7,832 interim patients, and 18,742 during the reform period. With similar demographics, more patients were treated in clinics with less PD experience—and these clinics had higher PD discontinuation rates. But, PD discontinuation fell overall, and mortality risk was stable.

    Read the abstract » | (added 10/14/2019)

    Tags: Medicar, Expanded Dialysis Prospective Payment System, Pd

  4. Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in PD vs. HD

    A Korean registry analysis of 132,083 dialysis patients between 1985 and 2017 found that SCD caused 19.6% of the 34,632 deaths. Even after adjusting for age and significant comorbidities, HD was independently associated with SCD, as was diabetes.

    Read the abstract » | (added 10/14/2019)

    Tags: Scd, Sudden Cardiac Death, Pd, Hd

  5. A Patient on Home HD for 45 Years

    A 62-year old Mississippi woman, one of the first home HD patients of Dr. John D. Bower, is reported to have been on home HD for 45 years now, a record.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Home Hemodialysis, Quality Of Life, Long Term Survival

  6. BMI Alters Sodium Balance in PD

    In a review of 439 PD patients, those with more urine volume, protein nitrogen appearance rate, fewer comorbidities, and higher BMI had greater sodium losses.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Sodium Removal

  7. Glycated Albumin vs. HbA1c Predicts Mortality in PD Patients with Diabetes

    In patients on hemodialysis, glycated albumin (GA) reflects glycemic control and predicts all-cause mortality. A new retrospective, longitudinal observational study looked at GA in PD. Among 44 PD patients with diabetes matched to 88 HD patients with diabetes followed for 3 years, GA was a more precise way to measure glycemic control than hemoglobin A1c.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, All Cause Mortality, Glycaemic Control, Glycated Albumin, Glycated Haemoglobin

  8. RCT: Which Works Best, Straight or Coiled PD Catheters?

    A metaanalysis recently found that straight catheters were better, and an RCT of 308 CAPD patients randomly assigned to receive a straight (n=153) or coiled (n=155) catheter corroborates that finding. After a mean follow-up of 21 months, straight PD catheters caused almost 9 times less dysfunction or drainage failure (0.7% vs. 5.8%) with less pain than coiled catheters. Both catheters had a similar risk of peritonitis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 09/11/2019)

    Tags: Catheter, Randomized Controlled Trial (Rct), Pd, Capd

  9. Challenges in Assessing Survival of In-center vs. Home HD

    It’s treatment time that matters, not location—of course—suggests a new thorough review of the survival data. And, while it is challenging to prove a survival benefit when all home HD is so often conflated (short daily vs. nocturnal, for example), quality of life is demonstrably better—and matters more to patients.

    Read the abstract » | (added 08/14/2019)

    Tags: Treatment Time, Survival Data, Modality, Quality Of Life

  10. Payment Policy is Driving Increases in U.S. Home Dialysis

    Follow the money. Analysis of 523,526 patients starting dialysis in the U.S. between 2005 and 2013 found increases in home dialysis use in all groups, and a decline in racial/ethnic differences in home dialysis. However, over time, white patients had an increase in mortality compared to minority patients, while transplant rates remained lower in minority patients.

    Read the abstract » | (added 08/14/2019)

    Tags: Home Dialysis Outcomes, Racial, Ethnic, Mortality, Transplant Rates