Journal Watch

  1. Fewer Hip Fractures with PD than Standard In-Center HD: Metaanalysis

    Analysis of five cohort studies totalling more than 1.2 million ESRD patients found that those doing HD had a 61% higher risk of hip fracture than those doing PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)

    Tags: Hip Fractures, Pd, In Center Hd

  2. Lower Dementia Risk with PD than Standard In-Center HD: Metaanalysis

    An analysis of 15 studies concludes that PD is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline and dementia than HD--but calls for well-conducted prospective studies.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)

    Tags: Dementia, Pd, In Center Hd, Cognitive Functions

  3. Urgent-start PD Catheter Placement - Surgical vs. Percutaneous

    PD catheter placement does NOT have to be limited to just minimally-invasive percutaneous procedures, suggests a literature review. But, minimizing intraperitoneal pressure for the first 2 weeks IS important.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)

    Tags: Pd, Catheter, Urgent Start, Complications

  4. To Screen or Not to Screen PD Patients for Bacteria: That is the Question

    Does the ISPD guideline for routine use of mupirocin ointment at PD exit sites risk creating mupirocin-resistant organisms? No, finds a surveillance study of 1,175 swabs from 240 patients.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)

    Tags: Mupirocin, Pd, Catheter, Peritonitis, Pseudomonas, Hygiene

  5. Home Dialysis Barriers Examined (Again)

    Since the NKF-KDOQI is a latecomer to the home dialysis party (at least for home HD), they started at the beginning with a conference identifying barriers to starting and keeping patients at home. Not surprisingly, cursory education, and lack of exposure to home options or support for care partners were implicated.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Home Dialysis, Kdoqi, Barriers, Patient Support

  6. PD Technique Survival by Equipment Manufacturer

    An Australia/New Zealand study of all 16,575 new PD patients between 1995 and 2014 compared PD cyclers made by Baxter, Fresenius, or Gambro. Gambro users had the fewest days to technique failure among the 72% who had it, followed by Fresenius, and then Baxter.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis Systems, Comparison, Technique Failure, Patient Survival

  7. Impact of High Protein Diets on Residual Kidney Function in PD

    Does a high-protein diet cause a faster loss of residual kidney function for PD patients? An observational study of 336 patients for at least 6 months suggests that it may.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Protein Intake, Residual Kidney, Peritoneal Dialysis, Pd

  8. Low-volume Tidal PD for Urgent Starts

    A randomized, prospective trial was done to see if tidal PD (TPD) would improve outcomes among 27 urgent start PD patients, vs. 22 who did low-volume intermittent PD. After follow up for up to 2 years, the TPD group did have significantly fewer catheter complications. Both options had about the same technique survival.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Automated Peritoneal Dialysis, Tidal Peritoneal Dialysis, Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis, Complications

  9. Wanted: A Paradigm Shift from Urea to Sodium Removal

    When nephrology icon Zyblut Twardowski talks, we listen! When dialyzors in Seattle in the 1960s got 30 hours a week of dialysis, the mortality rate was 10%. Since then, short treatments—justified by the flawed NCDS study—were driven by the equally flawed notion of Kt/V urea.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Kt/V Urea, Mortality Rate, Sodium Removal, Dialysis Quality, Ncds, Rct

  10. Protein Clearance Predicts Mortality on PD

    Protein clearance on PD may be a marker of peritoneal inflammation. Among 711 PD patients followed for at least one year, each 10mL/day rise in protein clearance was linked with a 10.4% increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (p=0.008). Protein clearance was linked with serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Protein Clearance, Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality