Journal Watch - 2019

« Back to Most Recent

  1. Will Zinc Supplements One Day Help Prevent Peritoneal Sclerosis?

    Ironically, PD saves lives, but high-glucose PD fluid damages the peritoneum, leading to fibrosis that can make PD impossible. By activating a complex metabolic pathway, a study in rats found that supplementing with zinc helped prevent fibrosis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/13/2019)

    Tags: High Glucose Pd Fluid, Peritoneum, Fibrosis, Zinc

  2. Moving the PD Exit Site to Combat Infection

    A 5-year retrospective cohort analysis looked at the impact of treating PD exit site and tunnel infections in 27 patients by removing the cuff and relocating the catheter under local anesthetic. After follow up ranging from 10.8 to 79.4 months, no leaks occurred, and the infections resolved in 74% of the patients. The rest had to have their catheters removed.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/13/2019)

    Tags: Exit Site Relocation, Exit Site Infection, Tunnel Infection, Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter, Pd Catheter

  3. Higher Serum Albumin May Protect Residual Kidney Function in PD

    In a prospective study of 104 new PD patients, having low serum albumin levels was independently associated with complete RKF loss (<100 mL/day of urine).

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/13/2019)

    Tags: Serum Albumin, Residual Kidney Function, Urine Volume, Peritoneal Dialysis, Pd

  4. KDIGO Controversies: Dialysis Start and Modality Choice

    A January 2018 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference addressed significant variations between countries in dialysis start, patient preparation, and modality mix. Happily, attendees supported individualized care that incorporates patient goals and preferences (within quality and safety parameters), and the need to avoid a one-size-fits-all approach.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Modality, Individualized Care, Patient Goals, Patient Preferences

  5. NxStage HD and Removal of Beta-2 Microglobulin

    Which works best to remove B2M, High-flux standard HD, post-dilution hemodiafiltration (HDF), NxStage short daily HD, or automated PD? In a small study (N=43), HDF and NxStage HD done 6 days per week removed the most B2M. Standard HD was next, with automated PD removing the least.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: B2m, High Flux Standard Hd, Post Dilution Hemodiafiltration (Hdf), Nx Stage Short Daily Hd, Automated Pd

  6. Daily HD Practices in France and Australia/New Zealand

    Registry data from both regions compared all incident patients who dialyzed 5-6 sessions per week—both daytime and nocturnal—with one-to-one matching of French to Australia/New Zealand patients based on age, sex, and dialysis start year. While survival and transplant access were comparable, other intriguing differences appeared.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Registry Data, Dialysis Interval, Survival, Transplant Acces

  7. A Swan Song for Kt/V (It’s About Time!)

    A new review of the flaws of Kt/V—including a lack of proof of concept—“leaves little room for any conclusion other than that Kt/V, as an indicator of dialysis adequacy, is obsolete.” [Editor’s Note: Now, if the authors would take on the concept of “adequate” vs. optimal therapy…]

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Flaws Of Kt/V, Obsolete Indicator, Optimal Therapy

  8. To Reinsert a PD Catheter or Not to Reinsert: That is the Question

    Among 470 PD patients in Singapore, 92 required PD catheter removal. Of these, 39% had a second PD catheter placed, while the rest switched to HD. Patients who could not continue PD were excluded from the analysis. Survival was about the same in both groups. Surprisingly, those who required catheter removal due to infection were more likely to be able to continue PD than those who required it due to catheter malfunction.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Pd Catheter, Hd, Catheter Remova

  9. PD Fluid Overload Linked with Peritonitis from Gut Pathogens

    PD patients with extra fluid in their bodies are at a significantly higher risk for peritonitis due to gut bacteria, finds a study of 138 patients. Patients in the highest third for intra-and extracellular water were at the highest risk.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Body Composition, Overhydration, Peritoneal Dialysis, Peritonitis

  10. Shared Decision-making (SDM) Boosts Uptake of PD and Living Kidney Transplants

    Researchers in Taiwan found that levels of PD choice and living kidney transplantation were higher in the 71% of 310 patients (n=220) who received an SDM intervention were significantly more likely to choose PD or to obtain a living donor kidney transplant than those who did not.

    Read the abstract » | (added 05/15/2019)

    Tags: Pd Choice, Living Kidney Transplantation, Sdm Intervention