Journal Watch - PD

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  • Healthcare System Change Increased PD and Home HD in Australia

    A lean-thinking framework and commitment of top leadership to change the system of care were used in a “Home before Hospital” approach to increase use of home therapies. Multidisciplinary Pathway, Outreach, and Hybrid working groups were established, and goals were set. A target of >30% for PD and home HD was achieved in 2 years, 35% within 3 years—and was still being maintained at 8 years.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-08-12)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, PD, Home Haemodialysis

  • Outcomes of Incremental PD

    A retrospective cohort study looked at 175 PD patients followed for about 2 years. Starting PD with a lower vs. higher dose was associated with better survival.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-08-12)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis , PD, End stage Kidney Disease, Dialysate Volume, Survival

  • PD Adequacy and Itching

    Among 80 people on CAPD, blood levels of the pain marker “substance P” and total urea clearance both independently predicted itching. Inadequate PD seems to be a reason for people using PD to itch.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-07-12)

    Tags: Pruritus , Peritoneal Dialysis, CAPD, Substance P, Total Urea Clearance, Itching, PD

  • The impact of low magnesium levels on heart disease deaths on PD

    Hypomagnesemia is linked with all-cause mortality in HD—but, what about PD? A study classed 1,004 blood tests from PD patients measuring magnesium into one of three groups: <0.7 mmol/L, 0.7-1.2 mmol/L, and >1.2 mmol/L. Those in the lowest magnesium group did have a higher risk of death from both heart and non-heart causes.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-05-14)

    Tags: Noncardiovascular Disease, Peritoneal Dialysis, PD

  • Better Technique Survival with Assisted PD

    A study of 384 PD patients in China compared the outcomes of 274 who did self-care PD with 110 who had assisted PD. Older age, diabetes, low residual kidney function and low serum albumin predicted higher mortality, as did assisted PD, since this group had more comorbidities. Technique failure was also significantly lower in the assisted PD group.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-04-16)

    Tags: Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis, PD, Technique Failure

  • Shared decision-making (SDM) About Modality: PD vs. HD Experiences

    A cross-sectional survey of 300 dialysis patients (82 on PD and 218 on HD) revealed that those on PD were significantly more likely to report having received an SDM conversation than those on HD. The authors conclude that SDM should take place in the early stages of CKD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-03-09)

    Tags: Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis, PD

  • Functional Iron Deficiency and Survival on PD

    A 10-year retrospective look at survival examined records from 1,173 PD patients who had normal iron levels, absolute iron deficiency, functional iron deficiency (FID), or high iron levels. Among the group, 77.5% had iron deficiency, and FID, in particular, was linked with an increased risk of all-cause—but not cardiovascular—mortality.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2021-03-09)

    Tags: Mortality, Peritoneal Dialysis, PD

  • Warming PD Fluid to Body Temperature Does Not Improve Clearance

    There may not be a clear benefit to warming PD fluid to body temperature, suggests a small (N=18) single blind randomized controlled trial. Participants were assigned to have a peritoneal equilibrium test with fluid at 37°C or warmed with conventional methods. The two groups had similar outcomes for peritoneal clearance, abdominal discomfort, body temperature, blood pressure, and other parameters.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2020-11-12)

    Tags: Peritoneal Clearance, Peritoneal Dialysis, PD