Journal Watch

  • Transplant Survival Better After PD Than Standard In-center HD

    Is there an advantage to PD over standard in-center HD for transplant graft survival? YES, suggests a 15-year retrospective study of 2,277 transplant recipients. Those who did PD prior to transplant were 34.5% more likely to survive, and had less frequent rejection. Living donor kidneys did best among patients who received transplants before starting dialysis—or did PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)

    Tags: Kidney Transplant, Modality, PD, HD, Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis

  • PD vs. Standard In-center HD for Quality of Life

    A 24-month observational study compared 45 standard HD and 30 PD patients, and assessed their quality of life, cognitive function, and depression at study start and every 12 months. Over the 24 months, PD patients had significant improvement in physical and social well-being—while HD patients stayed the same. Cognitive function held steady in PD patients—but declined in HD patients. Depression increased among those on standard HD—but not those on PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis, Cognitive Function, Emotional Distress, Quality Of Life

  • Tablo HD Machine Safe and Effective at Home and In-center

    Safety and efficacy human trials of the easy-to-use Tablo were conducted with 28 participants who received 4 treatments per week in-center and then at home for a total of 21 weeks. Home adherence (99%) was slightly better than in-center (96%), with average prescribed—and delivered—treatments of 3.4 hours, and an average weekly standard Kt/Vurea of 2.8 in both settings. Adverse events were not related to the Tablo, and alarm resolution time was 8 seconds in-center and 5 seconds at home.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)

    Tags: Tablo, Home Hemodialysis, Hemodialysis System

  • PD Outcomes under the Medicare Expanded Dialysis Prospective Payment System

    A Medicare change in 2011 may have increased the likelihood that clinics would expand PD to a broader population. Did this affect outcomes? A prospective cohort study compared 10,585 patients who started PD before payment reform, 7,832 interim patients, and 18,742 during the reform period. With similar demographics, more patients were treated in clinics with less PD experience—and these clinics had higher PD discontinuation rates. But, PD discontinuation fell overall, and mortality risk was stable.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: Expanded Dialysis Prospective Payment System, PD, Medicare

  • Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in PD vs. HD

    A Korean registry analysis of 132,083 dialysis patients between 1985 and 2017 found that SCD caused 19.6% of the 34,632 deaths. Even after adjusting for age and significant comorbidities, HD was independently associated with SCD, as was diabetes.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: SCD, Sudden Cardiac Death, PD, HD

  • Is PD a Good Option for Patients with Liver Cirrhosis?

    A study matched patients with cirrhosis who did PD, patients with cirrhosis who did HD, and non-cirrhosis patients on PD by age, sex, catheter placement date, and diabetes status. PD technique failure and all-cause mortality were similar between patients with and without cirrhosis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: PD, Cirrhosis

  • The Role of Frailty in Home Dialysis

    Evaluation of frailty among 109 home dialysis patients revealed a greater than 2-fold increase in risk of a composite outcome that included technique failure and all-cause death. Weakness and weight loss were both linked with higher risk. “Assessing frailty as part of the clinical evaluation for home dialysis therapies may be useful for prognostication and clinical management,” report the authors.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: Frailty, Home Dialysis, All cause Death

  • Home Dialysis: Better Outcomes at Lower Costs

    Five years after starting dialysis, the population of Ontario, Canada over age 18 had mean 30-day PD costs 50% lower than in-center HD—and home HD costs 64% lower than in-center. After adjusting for covariates, home HD cost the least and had the highest survival (80%) vs. 52% on PD and 42% on in-center HD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: Home Dialysis, PD Cost, HD Cost, HD Survival

  • PD and Swimming

    Australian nurses in 39 PD clinics conducted phone surveys. While only 77% of the clinics advocated swimming, nearly all had patients who did swim, mainly in sea water or a private pool. Covering the exit site and catheter with a waterproof dressing or ostomy bag was recommended, along with routine exit-site care. Several infections were linked with swimming.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)

    Tags: PD, Swimming, Exit Site, Waterproof, Infections

  • RCT: Which Works Best, Straight or Coiled PD Catheters?

    A metaanalysis recently found that straight catheters were better, and an RCT of 308 CAPD patients randomly assigned to receive a straight (n=153) or coiled (n=155) catheter corroborates that finding. After a mean follow-up of 21 months, straight PD catheters caused almost 9 times less dysfunction or drainage failure (0.7% vs. 5.8%) with less pain than coiled catheters. Both catheters had a similar risk of peritonitis.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2019-09-11)

    Tags: Catheter, Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), PD, CAPD