Journal Watch

  1. To Screen or Not to Screen PD Patients for Bacteria: That is the Question

    Does the ISPD guideline for routine use of mupirocin ointment at PD exit sites risk creating mupirocin-resistant organisms? No, finds a surveillance study of 1,175 swabs from 240 patients.

    Read the abstract » | (added 02/14/2019)

    Tags: Mupirocin, Pd, Catheter, Peritonitis, Pseudomonas, Hygiene

  2. Home Dialysis Barriers Examined (Again)

    Since the NKF-KDOQI is a latecomer to the home dialysis party (at least for home HD), they started at the beginning with a conference identifying barriers to starting and keeping patients at home. Not surprisingly, cursory education, and lack of exposure to home options or support for care partners were implicated.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Home Dialysis, Kdoqi, Barriers, Patient Support

  3. PD Technique Survival by Equipment Manufacturer

    An Australia/New Zealand study of all 16,575 new PD patients between 1995 and 2014 compared PD cyclers made by Baxter, Fresenius, or Gambro. Gambro users had the fewest days to technique failure among the 72% who had it, followed by Fresenius, and then Baxter.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis Systems, Comparison, Technique Failure, Patient Survival

  4. Impact of High Protein Diets on Residual Kidney Function in PD

    Does a high-protein diet cause a faster loss of residual kidney function for PD patients? An observational study of 336 patients for at least 6 months suggests that it may.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Protein Intake, Residual Kidney, Peritoneal Dialysis, Pd

  5. Low-volume Tidal PD for Urgent Starts

    A randomized, prospective trial was done to see if tidal PD (TPD) would improve outcomes among 27 urgent start PD patients, vs. 22 who did low-volume intermittent PD. After follow up for up to 2 years, the TPD group did have significantly fewer catheter complications. Both options had about the same technique survival.

    Read the abstract » | (added 01/11/2019)

    Tags: Automated Peritoneal Dialysis, Tidal Peritoneal Dialysis, Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis, Complications

  6. Wanted: A Paradigm Shift from Urea to Sodium Removal

    When nephrology icon Zyblut Twardowski talks, we listen! When dialyzors in Seattle in the 1960s got 30 hours a week of dialysis, the mortality rate was 10%. Since then, short treatments—justified by the flawed NCDS study—were driven by the equally flawed notion of Kt/V urea.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Kt/V Urea, Mortality Rate, Sodium Removal, Dialysis Quality, Ncds, Rct

  7. Protein Clearance Predicts Mortality on PD

    Protein clearance on PD may be a marker of peritoneal inflammation. Among 711 PD patients followed for at least one year, each 10mL/day rise in protein clearance was linked with a 10.4% increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (p=0.008). Protein clearance was linked with serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Protein Clearance, Peritoneal Dialysis, Mortality

  8. Icodextrin Reduces PD Stroke Risk

    Stroke risk was compared in PD patients in Taiwan who did or did not use icodextrin. Icodextrin users had a lower risk and incidence of strokes than non-users.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Stroke, Pd Patients, Icodexytrin

  9. Medicare Reimbursement Has Driven More PD

    Changes to the Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS) in 2011 to create financial incentives for PD have worked, finds a new analysis of 6,433 dialysis clinics before and after the change. Since 2011, 6% more clinics offered PD, and program size increased from an average of 5.7 patients to 6.9. Non-urban, chain, and larger clinics were significantly more likely to have changed their PD practices in response to the PPS change.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Medicare, Prospective Payment System, Peritoneal Dialysis, Quality Of Life

  10. Longer-term Benefits of Early Start PD

    Do people who start PD emergently differ from those with a planned PD start? No, suggests a new study of 154 patients followed for a median of just over a year. Early vs. planned-start patients had similar ages, BMIs, genders, and rates PD drop-out due to peritonitis, catheter dysfunction, and burnout. Only diabetes and BMI >25 were independently associated with PD technique failure—but no differences were found between early and planned starts.

    Read the abstract » | (added 12/14/2018)

    Tags: Emergent Pd, Planned Pd, Early Start Pd