Journal Watch

  • The PD Surprise Question Predicts Transfer to HD

    An observational study of 1,275 PD patients in 35 programs asking the RN and treating nephrologist, “Would you be surprised if this patient transferred to HD in the next 6 months?” identified 15% as high risk. After 6 months, the transfer to HD rate was nearly four times higher in the high risk group than the low risk group.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-12-15)

    Tags: PD, Home Dialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis, Surprise Question

  • Rate of Residual Kidney Function Decline and Mortality in PD

    When 497 PD patients were divided into two groups based on RRF decline value, those in the fast-decline group had significantly higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. In fact, each 0.1mL/min/1.73m2 per month drop in RRF in the first year of PD predicted a 19% higher risk of all-cause mortality and a 20% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Rate Of Residual Kidney Function Decline, All cause Mortality, Cardiovascular Mortality

  • Home Dialysis and Psychological Health

    An interview study of 36 people on PD (n=13) or home HD (n=7) and care partners identified four themes and subthemes, including isolation and disconnection, importance of support systems, burden of distress, and seeking mental health support.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Isolation, Support Systems, Distress, Mental Health Support

  • Assisted PD in Europe

    Not every PD patient can perform solo treatments—or has a care partner to help. Some European countries are offering assisted PD in the home, often temporarily, using a variety of PD prescriptions and care provided by private care agencies or nursing home staff. Tailoring the prescription to residual kidney function reduces PD burden and aids technique survival.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Assisted PD

  • Surprising Impact of First Dialysis Modality on Survival in Patients with Diabetes

    A retrospective cohort study of 739 patients from 2010 to 2018 (inclusive) used propensity score matching to compare mortality between standard HD and PD in China, matching 125 PD patients with HD patients. No significant differences were found—except in those with diabetes, who had significantly better survival with PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Modality, Survival, Diabetes, Propensity Score Matching

  • Hope, Quality of Life, and Psychoscial Distress in PD

    Are people on PD hopeful? A study from China surveyed 134 people on PD, assessing their level of hope. Working patients with higher income using APD had higher hope scores, and hope correlated significantly with both age and social support. Higher hope scores were linked with better mental well-being and less severe depression.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Hope, Quality Of Life, Psychoscial Distress In PD, Income, APD, Depression

  • How to Set Up New Home Dialysis Programs

    More than half of U.S. dialysis clinics are either not licensed to train patients in PD or home HD, or are licensed but have no patients in their home programs. A new review article outlines the core domains needed to set up and run a home dialysis program in the U.S.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: Home Dialysis Program, PD Training, Home HD Training

  • Steady Glucose Concentration in PD and Sodium Removal

    In a small pilot study (n=8), two fast-average and six fast transporters used a standard 4-hour CAPD dwell as a control, and three 5-hour steady-concentration treatments using the Carry Life® UF device following an overnight icodextrin fill as the intervention. UF rates were significantly higher with the steady glucose concentration treatments, as were sodium removal and glucose UF efficiency.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-11-15)

    Tags: PD, Glucose Concentration, Sodium Removal

  • PD Patient Training to Enhance Independence and Prevent Complications

    The ISPD recommends that PD clinics around the world develop training programs that will improve self-care. A new scoping review included 22 articles that recommend training for 5-8 days in the clinic or at home for a total of 15+ hours, using a 1:1 nurse-to-patient ratio and 1-3 hour sessions. Experienced nurses who use adult learning strategies were found to be effective.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-10-13)

    Tags: Patient Training, Training Programs, Self care, Adult Learning Strategies

  • Longer Survival with Extended Home HD

    A study in Turkey compared 348 patients doing extended home HD (418 minutes) matched with 1,047 doing standard in-center HD (242 minutes) and followed both groups for about 55 months. The extended home HD patients had an all-cause mortality rate of 3.76 per 100 patient years—vs. 6.27 for the in-center HD patients; a significant 40% reduction.

    Read the abstract » | (added 2023-10-13)

    Tags: Extended Home HD, Survival, All cause Mortality Rate